The advancements in technology since the 90s is unbeatable, as a result of which today there are solutions available for problems, complex and unpredictable. Infertility is one such condition in which a couple willing to have a family is unable to achieve it due to various reasons. The problems could be due to male fertility issues like, low sperm count, motility, anatomical problem, etc ; or due to female infertility, which could be caused due to PCOS, Endometriosis, etc. As a result of which, an embryo ( a mass of cell containing egg and sperm) formation isn't successful. Or when the embryo formation is successful there are chances that the process of implantation (embryo attaching to uterus wall) is not possible.
These problems can be over come by various Artificial Reproductive Technologies like Intra Uterine Insemination (IUI), In Vitro Fertilization (IVF) and Surrogacy, which are a boon of technology. The techniques are implemented based on the severity and the root cause involved. The commercials involved in each process also vary depending on the clinic opted, the geography, demographics. etc.