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10 Best Motorcycles of the Future

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As technology continues to evolve so do designs of motorcycles. Motorcycle manufacturers latching onto the craze are designing concept bikes as they envision what the motorcycles of tomorrow may look like. Not all of these may be practical yet, but all of them drive into awesomeness. Here are the 10 best motorcycles of the future:

1. Halbo Future Duo-Wheel BMW

If you’re looking for an incredibly small and fast motorcycle and could care less about your personal safety then we’ve got a bike for you. Designer Pierre Yohanes designed the Halbo for eco-minded people who want something compact and electric powered. The front wheel is stationary and the back tail turns, so it’s kind of like riding a motorboat.

2. Energya Three-Wheeled  Motorcycle

The three-wheeled Energya, designed by Higgins-Aube Inc., features two wheels in the front and one rear wheel. The designer calls it a “motomobile,” But it’s certainly one of the most unique motorcycles of the future. The Energya features a six-speed sequential manual transmission and a motorcycle engine. Its half-doors also make it stand out. Think of a motorcycle mixed with a high-performance car and you’ve got the picture.

3. Swordfish Motorcycle Concept

Any concept bike you’ve ever thought of as sleek has nothing on the Swordfish. The Swordfish Motorcycle concept by Alexander Kotlyarevsky sports an aggressive futuristic design and hubless wheels. The overall look has interesting mix between curves and sharp angles that earn this bike its name.

4. Mach Ness Monster

A gas-turbine helicopter engine powers the Mach Ness Monster designed by Arlen Ness. The aluminum outer shell of this motorcycle of the future screams steam punk with its rivets. The designer shaped the entire body by hand, so don’t expect mass production. But we can only hope it eventually hits the open road. It’s a metal monster that’s sure to gobble up the competition.

5. Icare Motorcycle

If we had access to all the possible concept designs for Batman’s motorcycle the Icare Bike Concept would certainly be on the list. We could just imagine the Dark Knight leaning into a tight turn on this sleek black bike. Icare isn’t just a cool concept, but a real working design. It’s powered by a six-cylinder 1.8 liter Honda engine with dual exhaust. Right now it’s still up in the air whether or not it will go into production, but keep you fingers crossed.

6. Ostoure Motorcycle Concept

Ostoure is “legend” in Persian, and designer Mohammad Reza Shojaie designed this motorcycle with the idea of what the legendary street muscle bikes would look like in the future. Shojaie drew inspiration from stone engravings of ancient Persepolis. The motorcycle is two-wheel drive with steering through the front linkage. Instrumentation is both on the motorcycle and a heads-up display on the helmet. The helmet also has built-ins speakers, a Bluetooth connection to the bike and air conditioning.

7. Ghost Motorcycle Concept

Anyone else on the road will only have a small glimpse of you as you fly by them at top speed and wonder if maybe they’ve seen a ghost. Well, in a way, the sort of did. The Ghost Motorcycle concept puts the rider in an aggressive forward position that feels incredibly fast. The design draws its inspiration from the speed demon Ghost Rider as well as a flying falcon.

8. Jaguar NightShadow Motorcycle

The Jaguar car manufacturer logo inspired the design for this feline-shaped motorcycle. Massow Concepts sourced many of the mechanicals on eBay and outfitted a 1997 Buell S3 Thunderbolt with a Sportster-based V-Twin 1200CC engine. Some parts were refurbished. The design took the help of professional computer illustrators before designers worked with a sculptor to make the mold. The magnetic jaw on the front can be removed if necessary.

9. Scarab Motorcycle

While the Scarab sounds like a bike you’d likely drive around in the desert it’s actually designed with urban situations in mind. The bike can adapt to sit completely upright while parked so it takes up as little space as possible in a crowded city parking lot. In fact you and 3 of your friends using scarabs can fit your motorcycles in a standard sized space for a car. Designer David Miguel Moreira Gonçalves envisions the Scarab to be used as a rental vehicle as a convenient and eco-friendly transpiration solution.

10. Suzuki Biplane

You can’t fly up and away, but you can definitely imagine soaring on this motorcycle of the future. Suzuki designed the motorcycle to give riders the feel of flying in a vintage biplane with no canopy. Cylinder heads and exhaust headers are on back and part of the airplane design. The Suzuki biplane is powered by a V4 engine.

posted Sep 6 by Subhajit Maity

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It goes without saying that our society is moving faster than it ever has in the past. As medical technology surges forward with unprecedented speed and accuracy, many of us are left in the ensuing dust storm of obsolete procedures that were commonplace mere decades ago. But if we look up and gaze into the near future, we can see the beginnings of a whole new world of medical treatments that the doctors of yesterday couldn’t even begin to imagine.

Let's take a look at the top 10 Future Technologies in the Medical Field:

1. Electronic Aspirin

A lot of people have been suffering from chronic forms of a headache and they have been advised to take two aspirins by most of the doctors, but this method has turned out to be useless and it only works in the short term. For that reason, a clinical investigation has been performed on a technology that is used for blocking the signals that identify the occurrence of a headache. The system involves implanting a small nerve permanently that’s function is to stimulate the device located in the upper gum on the side of the head that gets affected by a headache. The tip of the implant gets connected with the nerve bundles, so when the patient starts sensing the beginning of a headache, they place an RC on the cheek that is nearer to the implant; this will result in blocking the neurotransmitters that cause the pain in the first place.

2. Magnetic Levitation

Artificial lung tissue grown with magnetic levitation: it sounds like something out of science fiction, and it was, until now. In 2010, Glauco Souza and his team began looking into a way to create realistic human tissue using nanomagnets that allowed lab-grown tissue to levitate above a nutrient solution.The result was the most realistic synthetically grown organ tissue ever grown. Typically, lab-grown tissue is created in a petri dish, but elevating the tissue allows it to grow in a 3D shape that allows for more complex cell layers. That 3D growth pattern is a more perfect simulation of the way cells grow in the human body, which means that this is a huge step forward in creating artificial organs that can be transplanted into humans.

3. Digital Diagnostics

Since health care could be a burden for those who are not able to easily move and visit a doctor, digital diagnostics have been taking place to make things easier for elders and disabled people. There has been one device of this digital diagnostics that is already out there and it is the Neurotrack. This device can be used for testing and diagnose Alzheimer; it detects the damages that may occur on the hippocampus- the first part of the brain that is usually affected by this disease- and evaluate the movement of the eye.

4. Brain Damage Repair

The brain is a delicate organ, and even slight trauma can have lasting effects if it’s bumped in the wrong places. For people with traumatic brain injury, extensive rehabilitation is pretty much the only hope of leading a normal life again. Alternatively, they could just get a zap on the tongue.Your tongue is connected to the nervous system through thousands of nerve clusters, some of which lead directly into the brain. Based on that fact, the Portable NeuroModulation Stimulator, or PoNS, stimulates specific nerve regions on the tongue to hopefully focus the brain on repairing the nerves that were damaged. And so far, it works. Patients being treated with that type of neuromodulation showed vast improvement after only a week. Fair warning, you might get brain damage just trying to read that link.Apart from blunt trauma, the PoNS could feasibly be used to repair the brain from anything, including alcoholism, Parkinson’s, strokes, and multiple sclerosis.

5. Augmented Reality

The Augmented Reality is a new technology used to create an image generated by a computer, allowing it to be viewed in the person’s real world, providing a complex view. This method is still going through strong testing, but it is expected to enter the market very soon, for it seems very beneficial for the patients, for it allows the surgeons to see through bodily structures such as blood vessels in a specific organ without having to open it, resulting in a more precise elimination. A clinic located in Germany has already started to attempt the application of the augmented reality on iPads in the OR.

6. Brain Cells from Urine

In a sentence we won’t get to use often, researchers have turned pee into human brain cells. At the Guangzhou Institute of Biomedicine and Health in China, biologists have taken waste cells from urine and modified them with the use of retroviruses to create progenitor cells, which the body uses as the building blocks for brain cells. The most valuable benefit to this method is that the new neurons created haven’t caused tumors in any of the mice used for testing.See, embryonic stem cells have been used for this in the past, but one of their side effects was that they were more likely to develop tumors after transplant. But after only a few weeks, the pee-based cells had already begun to shape into neurons with absolutely no unwanted mutations.The obvious medical benefit of getting cells from urine is that, well, it’s freely available, and scientists could work on developing neurons that are sourced from the same person, increasing the chance that they’ll be accepted by the body.

7. Robot Assistants

Yes, Robots have already made a great appearance in sci-fi movies and they have told us several times that the world is expected to be controlled by technology someday soon, but this time, things are getting real. The world is developing rapidly and robots are highly expected to invade the world of medicine to work as assistants which can take care of elder patients as their numbers are increasing on a daily basis. In California, there has been a robot made by a company as a model, designing it to be able to find veins in the patient’s arm and take blood samples out of it. On the other hand, Japan has also created a cartoonish version of this robot shaped as a huge bear to be able to carry patients and move them from one place to another, especially those who are disabled and use wheelchairs. These robots are strong devices that are designed to carry up to almost 450 kilograms and they are specifically made to be used at homes for patients who need assistance.

8. Artificial Cell Mimicry

It’s obvious that the direction of medical technology is leaning more towards reproducing human tissue outside the body, allowing us to create “spare parts,” so to speak. If one organ isn’t working, we can just replace it with a new one, fresh off the assembly line. Now that idea is moving down to the cellular level with a gel that mimics the action of specific cells.The material is formed in bunches that are only 7.5 billionths of a meter wide—for comparison, that’s about four times wider than a DNA double helix. Cells have their own type of skeleton, known as a cytoskeleton, which is made of proteins. The synthetic gel will take the place of that cytoskeleton in a cell, and when it’s applied to, say, a wound, it replaces any cells that were lost or damaged. In a practical sense, it would work like a tiny, tiny sewer grate. Fluids can pass through the cell, which allow the wound to continue healing, but the artificial skeleton prevents bacteria from passing through with the fluid.

9. Growing Organs in Labs

Since the beginning of time, a lot of humans have gone through organ failures; as a result, they need new organs to be transplanted for them, but they are probably placed on a waiting list until the right match is found. New technologies are expected to solve this problem by restoring the function of the failed organs or by growing organs in labs. The latter can be done by using the stem cells of the patient to grow an organ that works perfectly for their bodies. The whole idea still sounds surreal for a lot of people, but it is expected to take place anytime soon and that would save more people in a shorter time.

10. Printed Bones

Remember the days when you would break your arm and then have to wear a cast for weeks while the bone naturally healed itself? It looks like those days are behind us. Using 3D printers, researchers at Washington State University have developed a hybrid material that has the same properties the same strength and flexibility as real bone.This “model” can then be placed in the body at the site of the fracture while the real bone grows up and around it like a scaffolding. Once the process is complete, the model disintegrates. The printer they’re using is a ProMetal 3D printer consumer technology available to anyone with enough cash. It was the material for the bone structure that was the real problem, but they’ve created a formula that uses a combination of zinc, silicon, and calcium phosphate that works well so well, in fact, that the entire process has already been successfully tested in rabbits. When the bone material was combined with stem cells, the natural bone grew back much faster than normal.The real benefit of this technology is that, feasibly, any tissue even full organs could be grown with 3D printers once we have the right combination of starting materials.

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Today internet has made our world small enough to fit into our pockets, instant information, social networking, and convenient online services have made our lives easier beyond believe. Internet gave birth to what we all today know as ‘E-commerce’. E-commerce or electronic commerce is the process of trading through internet. Though online shopping was invented in 1979 by Michael Aldrich, it wasn't until 1994, when E- commerce came in to existence with opening of an online pizza shop by Pizza Hut.

In two decades, e commerce has spread in every aspect of a consumer’s daily life, may it be buying books, electronics or groceries. The outburst in the e commerce sector is clearly not a surprise considering its benefits, one of them being the increase in the digital population of the world. Today 40% of the world’s population is digital which is triple of the world’s digital population in 1995.Other reasons for the popular spree of E- commerce include changes in consumer’s lifestyle, 24*7 conveniences, and advantage to compare prices, easy availability of information, deals and discounts on products. However, e commerce suffers from various familiar limitations as well, including payment frauds, lack of personal touch, and security of personal data, necessity of internet and technology to assess it. 

E-commerce has not failed to expand it's roots in India. With the advent of e sellers such as Amazon, E-bay and Flipkart, it is bound to flourish further in the coming years. It is estimated that the revenue of E- commerce sector in India is likely to reach $24 billion in 2015 and would contribute to 4% of the country’s GDP by 2020. With the fast pace growth in India’s IT and telecom sector, which would contribute 10% and 15% in India’s GDP by 2020, it is likely to drive the growth of E- commerce further. Change in lifestyle of Indian consumer, increase in generation-Y and increasing digitals population which was estimated to be 137 million in 2013 are also factor driving the success of E- commerce in India.

To regulate this booming sector, there are international organizations such as International Consumer Protection and Enforcement Network (ICPEN) and Asia Pacific Economic Corporation (APEC). Many countries have realized the need of the hour and have appropriate law structures to analyse the functioning of E-commerce in their respective countries. Unfortunately India does not falls in such a category. Laws such as Cyber Law of India, Information technology Act and Consumer Protection Act,fail to focus or very mildly focus on the diverse issue faced by modern day Indian consumers in e commerce sector. Even if they exist they fail due to its weak implementation. For instance Cyber Law of India has provisions for pornography but not for selling of adult merchandises online. Thus, in India the existing laws concerning consumer right are not adequate enough to protect the consumer from issues such as frauds, unfair trade practices, misuse of personal information or any other problem faced by them in the cyber space.

One of the most recent examples of violation and manipulation of the existing law structure of India and business ethics was Flipkart.com's 'BIG billion day sale'. Similar to China's 'Singes Day' and USA's 'Black Friday', the sale was announced to be held on 6th October 2014. The sale was aggressively promoted both online and offline and was to start at 8:00 a: m on the Monday morning with the aim to tip their sales to 1 billion in a single day. The sale claimed to offer jaw dropping discounts and offers on products from different categories plus multiple items were available for merely Rs.1.

On the morning of 6th October 2014, many consumers woke up early all geared up for the sale but faced a huge disappointment when the site crashed and showed errors in loading. However these weren't the only issues that consumers faced during the big sale. The tremendous discounts that were to be provided to the shoppers disappeared as fast as they had come to life. Some were ‘out of stock’ at 8: 00 a: m itself. They received 3,00 , 000 orders in the first 6 hours, ultimately running out of both their inventory and reached the limit of orders their logistics team could process. Thus, the ‘out of stock’ status to prevent taking any further orders and failing in delivering the same. The objective was to reduce dissatisfaction among consumers, due to late deliveries or no delivery but ended up doing the inverse of it. Flipkart.com’s Facebook page was bombarded with complaints and backlashes by unsatisfied users. Frequent price fluctuations and self-cancellation of orders further aggrieved the plight of the consumers. 

On the surface it may only seem bad management but if one digs deeper, there are various violations of existing India law structure. There were clear violation of the code of self-regulation in advertising laid down by the advertising sector watch dog- ASCI (The Advertising Standard Council of India) which clearly states 'No advertising shall be emitted to contain any claim so exaggerated as to lead to grave or widespread disappointment in the minds of the consumer.'

Flipkart.com managed to use the sale to its advantage for increasing its working capital and the grace period.

One of the issues faced was the ‘self-cancellation’ through emails or messages, through the consumers facing the problem, were promised a refund in 10 days. In the matter of 10 days, the company was provided with an addition of 3 grace days of working capital. Considering 1.5 million people visiting the site, another million buying the products and the thousands/lakhs who received the ‘self-cancellation’ message, the revenues generated is enough to cover their expenses or this way, companies can “buy time” to find ways of generating the necessary revenues based on their existing capital and human resources to pay the consumers back in 10 days.

The heavy discounts and offers provided on the ‘big billion day sale’ can be categorized as the strategy of price skimming. Price skimming is the process of charging a high price for a product during the first stage of product life cycle and when the product enters maturity or last stage of product life cycle, its price is gradually lowered. However, for the sale, Flipkart.com, did not lower the price gradually but reduced the price drastically to clean out their stock of late maturity products. During the sale, the inventory turn rate ran low for the products, thus the ‘out of stock’ status. Price skimming is illegal in numerous countries, but Indian law still does not recognize it as illegal. It is however, against business ethics and marketing ethics to be followed by a company. Marketing ethics involves pricing practices, including illegal actions such as price fixing and legal actions including price discrimination and price skimming. 

Flipkart.com's sale is only a single example of the current functioning of the E-commerce sector in India. There are various other issues Indian E-commerce sector faces. 

Clearly, E commerce sector has all the perks of making profits and commerce viability.

However, the issues faced by E-commerce sector are not reducing but in turn are expanding, and are clearly are unable to regulate itself any more. Its a high time, government steps in and takes charge of the situation.

Two of the steps that could be taken to curb this booming industry are:

  1. Setting up of a separate government legal body solely for the purpose of regulating and analyzing the functioning of E-commerce in India. The body could even include keeping track of the growth of E-commerce in India.

  2. Including 'E-commerce as an individual category in different laws already existing and setting up distinctions for their operation.

With government intervention, E-commerce sector will set out to reach new heights of prosperity accompanied by societies satisfaction. After all consumer is the king!

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