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Some unknown facts about the famous inventors you did not know about

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1. Robert Augustus Chesebrough, was an American scientific expert who found oil jam, which he set apart as Vaseline. He asserted to eat a spoonful of Vaseline ordinary. Before propelling the item, he tried Vaseline all alone hands and legs ordinary. To illustrate, he would consume his skin with open fire and than would apply the oil jam. 

2. Stephen Hawking kept on working all through his illnesses. In any case, one of the uncommon truth says, Hawking could talk single word every moment. He does this by jerking his cheek to control a cursor on a screen. Notwithstanding, as per different sources, it is said that Intel buckled down and plans to lift Hawking's discourse from one to ten words for each minutes.

3. Did you know who is the innovator of flame hydrant? All things considered, nobody thinks about it. Since the designer of flame hydrant was scorched in flame while testing the gadget. 

4. The Process of water moved from the roots to the leaves known as transpiration was first broadly proposed in 1895 and comparable process was penned by Isaac Newton amid his undergrad years in 1660's. Berling authors, "We have no clue to what extent Newton spent considering the workings of plants or what provoked these musings". 

5. Leo Fender, who is the designer of telecaster and strastocaster, couldn't play guitar. 

6. The main telephone call was made in 1973 by Martin Cooper, who is the previous Motorola innovator. 

7. A New Molecule called Tetranitratoxycarbon was incidentally created by a 10-Year-Old in 2012 in Science Class. 

8. The primary Credit card by imagined by a man who confronted a humiliation to pay the bill for supper yet overlooked his wallet. 

9. James Watson is one of the researchers who found the helical structure of DNA. He trusts that idiocy is an illnesses and morons ought to be cured. He trusted that individuals from Africa are less canny and furthermore does not wish to contract chubby individual because of their corpulence. 

10. Charles Richter, who is the innovator of the Richter scale was a nudist some time recently. 

11. Rudolf Diesel, who concocted the Diesel Engine submitted suicide in 1913 on the grounds that he thought this creation of diesel motor was a waste, and could never prevail in future.

posted May 17 by Sherlyn Mishra

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Did you know, there are 196 countries in the world today? In fact, there are so many countries, whose names are also not recognized by many of us. There are so many informative facts about different countries.

Let's take a look at 10 Interesting and unknown facts about different countries that you need to know:

1. The country which still follows a traditional calendar that is seven years behind the rest of the world

Ethiopia still follows a traditional calendar that is seven years behind the rest of the world. Because of the strong presence of the Coptic Orthodox Church in the country, the traditional calendar of that church is still influential in Ethiopia. The calendar came about in the 16th century, when most of Christianity changed the date Jesus is believed to have been born on, but those in Ethiopia decided to maintain the original date. Because of the time discrepancy, Ethiopia held celebrations for the new millennium in 2007, seven years after the rest of the world.

2. The country which falls in all 4 hemispheres

Kiribati is the only country on the planet to fall into every one of the four hemispheres of the globe, straddling the equator and stretching out into the eastern and western hemispheres. Kiribati was also the first country to see the dawn of the third millennium on 1st January 2000.

3. The country which is smaller than Central Park in New York City

Smaller than Central Park in New York City – Monaco: Although Vatican City is smaller (.17 sq mi) than Monaco (.8 sq mi), not at all like Monaco it doesn’t have any permanent residents which leaves Monaco as the smallest permanently inhabited nation in the world… Smaller than Central Park.

4. The most diverse Country

The Most Diverse Country in the world is India: In almost every category – culturally, economically, climatically, racially, linguistically, ethnically, and religiously India is either the most diverse countries in the world, or the runner-up.

5. The Least Religious Country

A 2007–2008 Gallup survey found Estonia to be the least religious country in the world. The survey asked respondents from around the world, “Is religion an important part of your daily life?” Only 14% of Estonians answered in the affirmative, the lowest of all nations. In contrast, in that same poll, Egypt had a 100% “yes” rate.

6. There is another country which has Hindi as its official language

Fiji is the only country other than India with Hindi as an official language. Native Fijians make up 54% of the population. Under British rule, Indian labourers were brought to Fiji to work on the sugar cane crops. Descendants of these labourers are called Indo-Fijians and today they account for around 40% of the population.

7. There are countries which do not have an Army

There are 22 countries in the world that do not have an army, the large majority comprising tiny island states or enclaves. Incidentally, this doesn’t include the Vatican City, which has the c as a military corps.

8. The country which has 23 native languages

There are 23 native languages recognised by the government in Guatemala. Overall, about 40% of the population speak one of these languages, including Quiche, Kekchi, and Mam.

9.  The country which lies in 2 continents

Istanbul, Turkey, is the only country which falls in 2 continents.

10. The country which has the most amount of Obese people

Nauru has the most amount of Obese population in the world with over 95% of its population overweight.

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Chittorgarh is located on the banks of Gambhiri and Berach River. A repository of folklore, historical events and rich cultural heritage, Chittorgarh draws thousands of backpackers and historical travelers every year. The Chittorgarh fort is a proud monument that is proof of the heroic battles fought by warriors like Maharana Pratap, Gara and Kumbha. The whole town is dipped in historical splendor with beautiful monuments surrounding you everywhere you go. The Vijaystambha, Kirtistambha, Padmini’s palace and Bassi fort are some of the other historical places in India that speak volumes about the Mauryan dynasty and its subsequent successors.

Let's take a look at 10 Interesting and unknown facts about India's famous historical place Chittorgarh:

1. During the 37th session of the World Heritage Committee in the year 2013, the Fort of Chittorgarh alongside the 5 other forts in Rajasthan has professed a UNESCO World Heritage Site under Hill forts of Rajasthan.

2. The Chittorgarh Fort was built during the 7th century AD by the Mauryans and was named after the Mauryan ruler Chitrangada Mori, and was used until 1568.

3. When men lost charging their enemy across the fort walls and lost the battles. Women being brave to have committed mass self-immolation (Jauhar). This makes the fort to signify the tribute, courage, and sacrifice. During 7th and 16th centuries considered death as a pride rather than being surrendered under the invading troops.

4. Earlier the fort consisted of 84 water bodies but now it is decreased to 22. These could have the capacity of 4 billion liters of water. That is equal to the water needs of 50,000 army men. The water bodies include of ponds, wells, and such resources.

5. There are seven gateways in the fort which was built during 1433-1468 by Rana Kumbha. The names of the gates include that of the Paidal Pol, Bhairon Pol, Hanuman Pol, Ganesh Pol, Jorla Pol, Laxman Pol, and Ram Pol, the final and main gate.

6. Rani Padmini was one of the prominent queens of those times. She was the wife of king Rawal Ratan Singh, the Rajput ruler of Chittor.

7. To commemorate the victory of Sultan of Malwa; Mahmud Shah I Khlaji in 1440 AD, the tower of victory named Vijay Stambha or Jaya Stambha was raised by Rana Khumbha. This is an expression of victory triumph- also called the symbol of Chittor.

8. When viewed from the higher view, the fort is shaped like a fish.  It has a boundary of 13 km with a determined length of 5 km and it covers an area of 700 acres.

9. The fort of Chittorgarh contains a total of 65 notable buildings, including 4 memorials, 4 palaces, and 19 temples.

10. Having dimensions of 37.2 meters high and 47 square feet area, and has a perimeter of 13 km (8 miles), and is situated on an 180-meter high hill.

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Indian inventions and discoveries have been instrumental in shaping the face of the current modern world. In fact, the origins of many of the modern products can be traced back to ancient Indus Valley Civilization. Here we list down the eight things that you might not know were invented in India.

 

1. Snakes and Ladders

The game, Snakes & Ladders,  was invented in India as a game of morals. Later it spread to England and eventually introduced in the USA by game pioneer Milton Bradley in 1943.

2. Shampoo

The word ‘Shampoo’ is derived from chāmpo (चाँपो). It was initially used as a head massage oil for the Nawabs of Bengal during the Mughal Empire around 1762. It evolved into shampoo over the years.

3. Fibonacci Numbers

The Fibonacci numbers were first described by Virahanka, Gopala  and Hemachandra as an outgrowth of earlier writings by Pingala.

4. Water on Moon

ISRO’s Chandrayaan-1 made the startling discovery that our moon is not a dry ball of rocks. The discovery of lunar water is attributed to the Chandrayaan mission.

5. Binary Code

 

Binary numbers were first described by Pingala (c. 200 BC). Pingala is the traditional name of the author of the Chandaḥśāstra, the earliest known Sanskrit treatise on prosody.

6. Buttons

The origins of buttons can be traced back to the ancient Indian Valley Civilization. Back then, they were used for ornamental purpose.

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8. Cotton Spinning

The credit of clothing the world, goes to India. Evidences of cotton spinning by the Indus Valley Civilization were found by the historians.

9. Diamond Mining

Worldwide, India was the only source of diamonds until the discovery of mines in Brazil in the 18th century. Almost 5000 years ago, diamonds were first recognized and mined in central India.

10. Flush Toilets

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11. Ruler

Rulers made of ivory were found by the historians during the study of Indus Valley Civilization. This proves that rulers were used by the people of ancient India

12. Zero

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James Webb Space Telescope

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  • It is bigger and more powerful than NASA’s operational Hubble Space Telescope.
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  • It is the formal successor to the Hubble Space Telescope and the Spitzer Space Telescope. After its launch it will be the premier observatory of the next decade.
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  • It is an international collaboration between of about 17 countries including NASA, European Space Agency (ESA) and the Canadian Space Agency (CSA).
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    1.  It will help in broad range of investigations across the fields of astronomy and cosmology.
    2.  It will help to understand the origins of the universe, evolution of our own Solar System, search for signs of life on faraway planets.
    3.  It can also analyze the atmospheres of exoplanets that pass in front of their stars.
    4.  It will look at a large number of things in the universe including icy moons, distant exoplanets and galaxy clusters.
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Vijay Shekhar Sharma is an entrepreneur and founder of Paytm. Paytm is an Indian electronic payment and e-commerce company. The name is an acronym for "Pay Through Mobile." The company employs over 13,000 employees as of January 2017 and has 3 million offline merchants across India.

Vijay Shekhar Sharma comes from a lower middle class family. His father was a school teacher and his mother a home-maker. He has two elder sisters and a younger brother.

 

In 1997, while in college, He had started the website indiasite.net and sold it two years later for $1 million.

In 2005, Vijay Shekhar Sharma started One97 Communications which offered mobile content like news, cricket scores, ringtones, jokes and exam results. One97 is the parent company of Paytm, which was launched in 2010

While attempting to set up One97, Vijay once ended up with a loan of Rs. 8 lakhs. A tremendous sum for a middle class man back in the days, he had taken the principal amount at 24% interest, which got him into an endless loop of unpayable sum.

Vijay Sharma got the inspiration to build Paytm during a visit to China, when he saw vegetable vendors using their mobile phones to receive payments from some customers. This led to him establishing Paytm wallet in 2013.

In 2015, Chinese businessman Jack Ma, owner of Alibaba Group, bought a $500 million stake in Paytm. Ma is estimated to hold 30 to 40 percent of Paytm. Alibaba now reportedly provides assistance to Paytmin order to improve fraud detection and fulfillment systems, among other things.

In 2017, Vijay Shekhar Sharma was featured in the World Billionaire's List by Forbes. He acquired the 1567th rank becoming India's youngest man to be featured on the list.

India Today magazine ranked him #18th in India's 50 Most powerful people of 2017 list.

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Ambani’s new house is called Antilia and according to a number of reputable publications, it is the most expensive home in the world. Antilia is actually the first house to exceed a net worth of one billion dollars.

Anant Ambani, the 17-year old son of India’s richest man, is exceptionally spiritual. Numerous reports state that Anant Ambani is visiting the Lord Balaji temple as frequently, as possible.To prove his faith, the affluent teenager decided to make a special donation for the temple. Anant Ambani ended up providing a sacred white elephant as a special present to Lord Balaji.

Mukesh loves showering family members with love and affection. On the occasion of one of her birthdays, Nita Ambani received a jet plane worth 62 million dollars.

Isha Ambani, the daughter of Mukesh and Nita, and is the youngest billionaire heiress. Isha, who was only 16 at the time, ranked second in the Forbes list of top ten billionaire heiresses in 2008. At that tender age, Isha was the owner of an 80-million dollar share of Reliance Industries.

Mukesh Ambani holds a number of awards and records. Fortune magazine gave him the 13th place in a ranking of Asia’s Most Powerful People in Business.

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Jack Ma, is the chairman of Alibaba’s record-shattering $25 billion IPO, which now sits as one of the largest companies on the market.

 

1. JACK MA’S LIFE IS FULL OF FAILURES -- When he applied for admission to the Hangzhou Teacher’s Institute (now Hangzhou Normal University), Ma failed the college entrance exam twice. He eventually graduated in 1988 with a bachelor’s degree in English.

By 1995, he decided teaching wasn’t for him, so he decided to try his hand at business. Around this time, he even applied to a job at KFC in Hangzhou, only to be rejected. Ma also started a translation company, and on a trip to Seattle, he discovered the internet, inspiring him to start his first legit business, China Yellow Pages. While it is regarded as China’s first internet-based company, China Yellow Pages was also a failure.

As we all know, however, Ma’s second company, Alibaba, is doing much better.

2.  His First Salary was just 12-15 USD per month -- At the University where he taught English, he was the only teacher assigned to 500 students. His pay was 100 to 120 Renminbi, which is around $12 to $15 per month. Before moving on, he taught there for 5 years.

3. He used to guide tourists for free for 8 years and that’s how he learned speaking English fluently -- When Jack was 12 years old, he grew a strong desire to learn English. He’d guide tourists from foreign countries for free and learn English by conversing with them. It went on like this for 8 years.

4. This is why Jack chose the name ‘Alibaba’ -- Jack was always clear that he wanted to take his company to the global level and that’s why he wanted a global name. Alibaba is easy to spell, and people everywhere associate that with “Open, Sesame,” the command that Ali Baba used to open doors to hidden treasures in One Thousand and One Nights.

5. Forest Gump is his lifelong hero.-- Every time he gets stressed out, he watches the movie again. What does Ma get from Forest Gump? “No matter whatever changed, you are you.”

6. Products from China do not hold a high reputation in much of the world. Due to this among other factors, the US government had listed Ma’s website, Alibaba.com as a “notorious market” for some time. This is defined as a company that does not follow US government copyrights and business regulations. 

7. In January of 2013, Jack Ma announced his unexpected resignation as CEO of Alibaba Group in May of the same year. He stated that he would still be working for the company as Executive Chairman, saying he was too old for the Internet now. His resignation has raised many questions regarding his health and the real reason he has decided to retire at the young age of 48.

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