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Six facts about Indian Army (Interesting Read)

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Facts About Indian Army

1. Foundation
The Indian Army was formed in 1776, under the government of the East India Company in Kolkata which is largest component of the Indian Armed Forces. The President of India serves as Commander-in-Chief of the army while the de facto leadership lies with Minister of Defence, and it is commanded by the Chief of Army Staff (COAS), who is a four-star general.

Indian Army

2. Size of Indian Army
The Indian Army has about 53 cantonments and 9 army bases, spread across India. It has about 1,129,900 active personnel and 960,000 reserve personnel. Another fact about the Indian Army is the biggest voluntary army in the world.

3. Best in Jungle Warfare
Soldiers of the Indian Army are considered among the best in jungle warfare. The Counter-insurgency and Jungle Warfare School is often visited by forces from the US, the UK, and Russia among others.

4. Fight at the Highest battlefield
The Siachen Glacier, 5000 metres above sea level, is the highest battlefield in the world. And the Indian Army controls it.
Siachen Glacier

5. Biggest Contributor to Peace Making
The Indian Army is one of the biggest troop contributors to the United Nations peace making operations.
Indian Army

6. Constructed and Manages Highest bridge in the world
Indian Army has constructed Baily Bridge in 1982 which is the highest bridge in the world, located in the Ladakh valley between the Dras and Suru rivers in the Himalayas.
Baily Bridge

posted Mar 7, 2015 by Varun Kumar

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The National Security Guard (NSG) is an Indian special forces unit under the Ministry of Home Affairs (MHA). It was raised in 1984, following Operation Blue Star and the assassination of Indira Gandhi, "for combating terrorist activities with a view to protect states against internal disturbances".

1. The NSG is actually modelled on Germany's GSG 9 (Grenzschutzgruppe 9 or "Border Guard Group 9"). The GSG 9 is one of the world's most elite counter-terrorist faction. In the words of a former member of the German infantry: "GSG-9 got created and founded for one specific reason: counter-terrorism.

2. NSG commandos are divided into two groups - the Special Action Group (SAG) and the Special Rangers Group (SRG).

3. The NSG comprises of a total personnel strength of 14,500. 

4. The NSG personnel are often referred to in the media as Black Cats because of the black dress and black cat insignia worn on their uniform.

5. The rudimentary training period at the organization's training center lasts for 90 days. Only those who successfully complete the entire course are inducted into the NSG and undergo nine months of advanced training. 

6. Once that is done, the next stepping stone is the probationary period, where about 50-70% of the recruits drop out, owing to tough competition.

7. The NSG Commandos are trained to only take head shots.... and two at one go. The double-tap system ensures proper neutralisation of the target.

8. They are also put through a battle inoculation program where they do something that's a little difficult to fathom. They have to stand right next to the target while one of their partners shoots at it.

9. That's not it, they don't even wear the kavach, or the bullet-proof vest, during this drill. They are forced to be that precise when it comes to shooting the target.

10. In order for a person to remain in the force, the target striking rate has to be not less than 85%.

11. Some of the ones from this elite faction also head to Israel for further training.

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Chittorgarh is located on the banks of Gambhiri and Berach River. A repository of folklore, historical events and rich cultural heritage, Chittorgarh draws thousands of backpackers and historical travelers every year. The Chittorgarh fort is a proud monument that is proof of the heroic battles fought by warriors like Maharana Pratap, Gara and Kumbha. The whole town is dipped in historical splendor with beautiful monuments surrounding you everywhere you go. The Vijaystambha, Kirtistambha, Padmini’s palace and Bassi fort are some of the other historical places in India that speak volumes about the Mauryan dynasty and its subsequent successors.

Let's take a look at 10 Interesting and unknown facts about India's famous historical place Chittorgarh:

1. During the 37th session of the World Heritage Committee in the year 2013, the Fort of Chittorgarh alongside the 5 other forts in Rajasthan has professed a UNESCO World Heritage Site under Hill forts of Rajasthan.

2. The Chittorgarh Fort was built during the 7th century AD by the Mauryans and was named after the Mauryan ruler Chitrangada Mori, and was used until 1568.

3. When men lost charging their enemy across the fort walls and lost the battles. Women being brave to have committed mass self-immolation (Jauhar). This makes the fort to signify the tribute, courage, and sacrifice. During 7th and 16th centuries considered death as a pride rather than being surrendered under the invading troops.

4. Earlier the fort consisted of 84 water bodies but now it is decreased to 22. These could have the capacity of 4 billion liters of water. That is equal to the water needs of 50,000 army men. The water bodies include of ponds, wells, and such resources.

5. There are seven gateways in the fort which was built during 1433-1468 by Rana Kumbha. The names of the gates include that of the Paidal Pol, Bhairon Pol, Hanuman Pol, Ganesh Pol, Jorla Pol, Laxman Pol, and Ram Pol, the final and main gate.

6. Rani Padmini was one of the prominent queens of those times. She was the wife of king Rawal Ratan Singh, the Rajput ruler of Chittor.

7. To commemorate the victory of Sultan of Malwa; Mahmud Shah I Khlaji in 1440 AD, the tower of victory named Vijay Stambha or Jaya Stambha was raised by Rana Khumbha. This is an expression of victory triumph- also called the symbol of Chittor.

8. When viewed from the higher view, the fort is shaped like a fish.  It has a boundary of 13 km with a determined length of 5 km and it covers an area of 700 acres.

9. The fort of Chittorgarh contains a total of 65 notable buildings, including 4 memorials, 4 palaces, and 19 temples.

10. Having dimensions of 37.2 meters high and 47 square feet area, and has a perimeter of 13 km (8 miles), and is situated on an 180-meter high hill.

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Taj Mahal is an ivory-white marble mausoleum on the south bank of the Yamuna river in the Indian city of Agra. It was commissioned in 1632 by the Mughal emperor, Shah Jahan (reigned 1628–1658), to house the tomb of his favourite wife, Mumtaz Mahal. The Taj Mahal draws in 7–8 million guests every year. In 2007, it was announced a victor of the New7Wonders of the World (2000–2007) activity.

The Taj Mahal was built by a whopping 22,000 laborers, painters, stonecutters, embroidery artists.

Emperor Shah Jahan intended to build another Taj Mahal in black marble across the river but a war with his sons interrupted these plans.

The changing moods of the Emperors wife are well captured by the changing hues of the Mausoleum at different times of the day. It takes a pinkish hue in the morning, milky white in the evening and golden at night when illuminated by moonlight.

It intricate work of art and architectural Beauty took 17 years to complete.

The ASI had to conceal the Taj during WW-II  with a huge scaffold to misguide bombers.

The materials that were used in building Taj Mahal were transported to the construction site by the use whopping 1,000 elephants.

Many of the precious stones on the Taj Mahal were ripped off from the walls, by the British army during the Indian rebellion of 1857.

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Ambani’s new house is called Antilia and according to a number of reputable publications, it is the most expensive home in the world. Antilia is actually the first house to exceed a net worth of one billion dollars.

Anant Ambani, the 17-year old son of India’s richest man, is exceptionally spiritual. Numerous reports state that Anant Ambani is visiting the Lord Balaji temple as frequently, as possible.To prove his faith, the affluent teenager decided to make a special donation for the temple. Anant Ambani ended up providing a sacred white elephant as a special present to Lord Balaji.

Mukesh loves showering family members with love and affection. On the occasion of one of her birthdays, Nita Ambani received a jet plane worth 62 million dollars.

Isha Ambani, the daughter of Mukesh and Nita, and is the youngest billionaire heiress. Isha, who was only 16 at the time, ranked second in the Forbes list of top ten billionaire heiresses in 2008. At that tender age, Isha was the owner of an 80-million dollar share of Reliance Industries.

Mukesh Ambani holds a number of awards and records. Fortune magazine gave him the 13th place in a ranking of Asia’s Most Powerful People in Business.

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The Union Budget of India is considered as the annual budget of the Republic India. According to Article 112 of the Constitution of India, it is referred as the Annual Financial Statement. The Budget is presented by the Finance Minister every year and the bill has to be passed by both the Houses of the Parliament before it comes into effect. Interim Budget is known as a short budget which usually presented prior to general elections by the ruling government.

1. R.K Shanmukham Chetty presented the First Union Budget of Independent India on November 26th, 1947.

2. Generally, the Union Budget of India is presented on the last working day of February.

3. Moraji Desai is the only Finance Minister to present the Union Budget on his Birthday.Desai did it in two different years (1964 & 1968). Interestingly, his birthday was on 29th February.

Moraji Desai presented the Union Budget 10 times, most by any Finance Minister of India.

4. The printing of the Union Budget of India starts with Halwa Ceremony.

5. Jawaharlal Nehru was the first Prime Minister to present the budget in the Parliament.

6. Indira Gandhi is still the only lady to hold the post of the Finance Minister.

7. Indira Gandhi is also the only woman and second Prime Minister to present the Union Budget for 1969-70.

8. Rajiv Gandhi became the third Prime Minister to present the Union Budget after Nehru (his grandfather) and Indira Gandhi (his mother).

9. Pranab Mukherjee was the first Rajya Sabha member to present the Union Budget.

10. Until 1999, Union Budget was announced at 5 pm in the evening. However, in 2001 Yashwanth Sinha then Finance Minister of NDA govt. led by Shri Atal Bihari Vajpayee changed it to 11 am.

 

 

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