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10 Most interesting information about Dinosaurs

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Dinosaurs roamed the Earth over 200 million years ago and were the dominant terrestrial vertebrate for 135 million years. It is believed their extinction came about because of changes in the climate they couldn’t adapt to. Birds are the closest relative to a dinosaur that we have.

Let's take a look at 10 most interesting information about Dinosaurs:

1. Dinosaurs walked the earth for over 165 million years. They lived during a period of time known as the Mesozoic Era, or Age of Reptiles.

2. At the end of the Cretaceous Period they became extinct – that was around 65 million years ago. During this time there was a great deal of volcanic activity and many earthquakes.

3. Many people believe that dinosaurs became extinct because an asteroid hit the earth changing the climate dramatically. It is believed that dinosaurs couldn’t adapt to these changes.

4. The word dinosaur means terrifying lizard. This name was invented by Sir Richard Owen in 1842.

5. The oldest known dinosaur is Eoraptor, a meat-eater that lived 228 million years ago.

6. The vast majority of dinosaurs were plant eaters. Fierce carnivores like Tyrannosaurus Rex and Giganotosaurus get all the press, but it's a fact of nature that the meat-eating "apex predators" of any given ecosystem are tiny in number compared to the plant-eating animals on which they feed.

7. It's true, some plant-eating dinosaurs (like Stegosaurus) had brains so tiny compared to the rest of their bodies that they must have been only a little bit smarter than giant ferns. But meat-eating dinosaurs large and small, ranging from Troodon to T. Rex, possessed more respectable amounts of grey matter compared to their body size, since they required better-than-average sight, smell, agility and coordination to reliably hunt down prey.

8. Dinosaurs are classified as reptiles. They are divided into two groups based on the structure of the hip. One group has lizard-like hips and the other group has bird-like hips. Most dinosaurs hatch from eggs, and they could not fly or live in water.

9. The biggest dinosaurs were over 100 feet long and 50 feet tall, the Sauropod was the largest dinosaur. The smallest dinosaurs were the size of a chicken and were called Mussaurus.

10. The color of all dinosaurs is unknown because no one was alive at that time in history. There are currently over 330 described dinosaur species and this number is growing.

posted Aug 4 by Ankana Guchait

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Covering 70% of the world’s surface the sea is home to some of the most unusual, mysterious and deadly animals on the planet. As someone who has spent plenty of time bobbing around on the surface of the sea my mind has often drifted to what lurks below. Fortunately the statistics provide some comfort and it is apparently quite rare to be eaten alive whilst frolicking in the ocean. However, I expect that’s what all those people who did get eaten were thinking, and lets face it, it’s a pretty unpleasant way to go.

Let's take a look at 10 most dangerous Sea Creatures in the World:

1. Box Jellyfish

Box Jellyfish is the most dangerous sea creature in the world. The most dangerous creature in the ocean doesn’t have a venomous bite, rows of sharp teeth, or even an obvious mouth for that matter. But nevertheless, the box jellyfish, also known as the sea wasp, is more responsible for human deaths on the continent of Australia than snakes, sharks, and saltwater crocodiles put together.

2. Crocodiles

Always keep yourself alert around saltwater river, because they strike when it’s least expected. Saltwater crocodiles are reported to have a bite force 10 times greater than that of great white shark, and unlike great white sharks it can walk on land (that’s terrifying). Like most crocodiles, saltwater crocodiles are not fastidious in their choice of food, and select their prey according to availability. However, claims in the past have suggested that saltwater crocodiles are responsible for thousands of humans fatalities annually, most of which remain unreported.

3. Blue Ringed Octopus

Another small creature that packs a big venomous punch is the Blue Ringed Octopus. Growing no more than 8 inches in length, this cephalopod feeds on small crabs and shrimp, yet still has enough venom to kill a human. In fact, they have enough venom to kill nearly 30 humans within a matter of minutes. To put it another way, its venom is 10,000 times more powerful than cyanide.

4. Stonefish

This small breed of fish has an unusual look as it resembles a rock, which is very useful hide from predators living around. Unfortunately those who accidentally step upon the fish, will be greeted with sharp spines that can easily penetrate bare feet. Most stonefish stings occur as a result of stepping on them, while it’s less common to sting when picked up. Stonefish sting can occur also on beach, not only in water, because they are able to stay out of water for 24 hours. When someone get sting, victim feel pain due to wound, but also get a small dose of neurotoxin which can shut down their respiratory system and even cause heart to fail. Venomous, dangerous and fetal to humans.

5. Great White Shark

This predator is no stranger to the list of dangerous animals and is almost constantly and incorrectly perceived as the world’s most dangerous animal. The nature of the Great White is often misunderstood, the Great White is not out on a mission to attack every human being that steps foot in the water. The Great White tends to attack humans when they are hunting for food, it’s nothing more than basic instinct.

6. Tiger Shark

Also known as sea tiger, this large shark has reputation of having widest food spectrum of all sharks, consuming variety of prey ranging from fish, seals, birds, squids, turtles to dolphins and even smaller sharks. The bull shark is quite imposing, but the tiger shark is something else. They don’t seek out humans as food, but they often visit shallow reefs, harbors and canals creating potential encounter with humans. It is extremely rare for sharks to bite humans, but tiger sharks are responsible for a large percentage of fetal shark attacks, making them one of most dangerous animal living under oceans.

7. Stingrays

Stingrays are one of the more passive creatures in oceans and hardly ever attack. The majority of stingray incidents happen when divers and swimmers accidentally step on them, causing the stingray to defend itself using it’s sting. While majority of stingray ‘attacks’ are not serious, there are some stingray species which can be fatal. Better watch your step when you dive.

8. Sea Snakes

If you ever thought that the land snakes are only deadly threat to humans, then you may want to think again, sea snakes also posses a venom that’s extremely dangerous for humans. But it’s extremely rare for them to inject its toxin while biting the prey, if they do however, aftereffects can be horrible as hell. When they bite, they only inject a small amount of venom, but victim doesn’t experience its effects instantly. Within an hour symptoms start to occur that include headache, a thick feeling tongue and vomiting., which is later followed by elapid attack and a progressive paralysis of muscles.

9. Lionfish

Lionfishes are found in the Caribbean and Eastern Atlantic. They are part of the ‘Scorpionfish’ family. Probably they are one of the most beautiful sea creatures in the oceans. But better don’t get close to them. While a sting from a lionfish is not deadly these fish can provide a very painful attack with some powerful venom.

10. Fire Coral

You can look, but do not touch! They are the reason why scuba divers use gloves. Fairly closely related to jellyfish and anemones these small organisms can deliver a power sting with it’s invisible tentacles. The results can vary from a mild irritation to severe pains and is sometimes even associated with nausea and vomiting.

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Chittorgarh is located on the banks of Gambhiri and Berach River. A repository of folklore, historical events and rich cultural heritage, Chittorgarh draws thousands of backpackers and historical travelers every year. The Chittorgarh fort is a proud monument that is proof of the heroic battles fought by warriors like Maharana Pratap, Gara and Kumbha. The whole town is dipped in historical splendor with beautiful monuments surrounding you everywhere you go. The Vijaystambha, Kirtistambha, Padmini’s palace and Bassi fort are some of the other historical places in India that speak volumes about the Mauryan dynasty and its subsequent successors.

Let's take a look at 10 Interesting and unknown facts about India's famous historical place Chittorgarh:

1. During the 37th session of the World Heritage Committee in the year 2013, the Fort of Chittorgarh alongside the 5 other forts in Rajasthan has professed a UNESCO World Heritage Site under Hill forts of Rajasthan.

2. The Chittorgarh Fort was built during the 7th century AD by the Mauryans and was named after the Mauryan ruler Chitrangada Mori, and was used until 1568.

3. When men lost charging their enemy across the fort walls and lost the battles. Women being brave to have committed mass self-immolation (Jauhar). This makes the fort to signify the tribute, courage, and sacrifice. During 7th and 16th centuries considered death as a pride rather than being surrendered under the invading troops.

4. Earlier the fort consisted of 84 water bodies but now it is decreased to 22. These could have the capacity of 4 billion liters of water. That is equal to the water needs of 50,000 army men. The water bodies include of ponds, wells, and such resources.

5. There are seven gateways in the fort which was built during 1433-1468 by Rana Kumbha. The names of the gates include that of the Paidal Pol, Bhairon Pol, Hanuman Pol, Ganesh Pol, Jorla Pol, Laxman Pol, and Ram Pol, the final and main gate.

6. Rani Padmini was one of the prominent queens of those times. She was the wife of king Rawal Ratan Singh, the Rajput ruler of Chittor.

7. To commemorate the victory of Sultan of Malwa; Mahmud Shah I Khlaji in 1440 AD, the tower of victory named Vijay Stambha or Jaya Stambha was raised by Rana Khumbha. This is an expression of victory triumph- also called the symbol of Chittor.

8. When viewed from the higher view, the fort is shaped like a fish.  It has a boundary of 13 km with a determined length of 5 km and it covers an area of 700 acres.

9. The fort of Chittorgarh contains a total of 65 notable buildings, including 4 memorials, 4 palaces, and 19 temples.

10. Having dimensions of 37.2 meters high and 47 square feet area, and has a perimeter of 13 km (8 miles), and is situated on an 180-meter high hill.

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Did you know, there are 196 countries in the world today? In fact, there are so many countries, whose names are also not recognized by many of us. There are so many informative facts about different countries.

Let's take a look at 10 Interesting and unknown facts about different countries that you need to know:

1. The country which still follows a traditional calendar that is seven years behind the rest of the world

Ethiopia still follows a traditional calendar that is seven years behind the rest of the world. Because of the strong presence of the Coptic Orthodox Church in the country, the traditional calendar of that church is still influential in Ethiopia. The calendar came about in the 16th century, when most of Christianity changed the date Jesus is believed to have been born on, but those in Ethiopia decided to maintain the original date. Because of the time discrepancy, Ethiopia held celebrations for the new millennium in 2007, seven years after the rest of the world.

2. The country which falls in all 4 hemispheres

Kiribati is the only country on the planet to fall into every one of the four hemispheres of the globe, straddling the equator and stretching out into the eastern and western hemispheres. Kiribati was also the first country to see the dawn of the third millennium on 1st January 2000.

3. The country which is smaller than Central Park in New York City

Smaller than Central Park in New York City – Monaco: Although Vatican City is smaller (.17 sq mi) than Monaco (.8 sq mi), not at all like Monaco it doesn’t have any permanent residents which leaves Monaco as the smallest permanently inhabited nation in the world… Smaller than Central Park.

4. The most diverse Country

The Most Diverse Country in the world is India: In almost every category – culturally, economically, climatically, racially, linguistically, ethnically, and religiously India is either the most diverse countries in the world, or the runner-up.

5. The Least Religious Country

A 2007–2008 Gallup survey found Estonia to be the least religious country in the world. The survey asked respondents from around the world, “Is religion an important part of your daily life?” Only 14% of Estonians answered in the affirmative, the lowest of all nations. In contrast, in that same poll, Egypt had a 100% “yes” rate.

6. There is another country which has Hindi as its official language

Fiji is the only country other than India with Hindi as an official language. Native Fijians make up 54% of the population. Under British rule, Indian labourers were brought to Fiji to work on the sugar cane crops. Descendants of these labourers are called Indo-Fijians and today they account for around 40% of the population.

7. There are countries which do not have an Army

There are 22 countries in the world that do not have an army, the large majority comprising tiny island states or enclaves. Incidentally, this doesn’t include the Vatican City, which has the c as a military corps.

8. The country which has 23 native languages

There are 23 native languages recognised by the government in Guatemala. Overall, about 40% of the population speak one of these languages, including Quiche, Kekchi, and Mam.

9.  The country which lies in 2 continents

Istanbul, Turkey, is the only country which falls in 2 continents.

10. The country which has the most amount of Obese people

Nauru has the most amount of Obese population in the world with over 95% of its population overweight.

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