Lord Mayo was the governor general started the first census in india. Mayo served as 4th Governor General of India from 12 January 1869 to 8 February 1872. He started the process of decentralization of finance. In foreign affairs, he followed the policy of non-intervention. He opened up Mayo College in Ajmer for educating children of the aristocratic families. He was the first Governor General to be murdered in office by a Pathan Sher Ali in Port Blair.