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Six facts about Indian Army (Interesting Read)

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Facts About Indian Army

1. Foundation
The Indian Army was formed in 1776, under the government of the East India Company in Kolkata which is largest component of the Indian Armed Forces. The President of India serves as Commander-in-Chief of the army while the de facto leadership lies with Minister of Defence, and it is commanded by the Chief of Army Staff (COAS), who is a four-star general.

Indian Army

2. Size of Indian Army
The Indian Army has about 53 cantonments and 9 army bases, spread across India. It has about 1,129,900 active personnel and 960,000 reserve personnel. Another fact about the Indian Army is the biggest voluntary army in the world.

3. Best in Jungle Warfare
Soldiers of the Indian Army are considered among the best in jungle warfare. The Counter-insurgency and Jungle Warfare School is often visited by forces from the US, the UK, and Russia among others.

4. Fight at the Highest battlefield
The Siachen Glacier, 5000 metres above sea level, is the highest battlefield in the world. And the Indian Army controls it.
Siachen Glacier

5. Biggest Contributor to Peace Making
The Indian Army is one of the biggest troop contributors to the United Nations peace making operations.
Indian Army

6. Constructed and Manages Highest bridge in the world
Indian Army has constructed Baily Bridge in 1982 which is the highest bridge in the world, located in the Ladakh valley between the Dras and Suru rivers in the Himalayas.
Baily Bridge

posted Mar 7, 2015 by Varun Kumar

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The National Security Guard (NSG) is an Indian special forces unit under the Ministry of Home Affairs (MHA). It was raised in 1984, following Operation Blue Star and the assassination of Indira Gandhi, "for combating terrorist activities with a view to protect states against internal disturbances".

1. The NSG is actually modelled on Germany's GSG 9 (Grenzschutzgruppe 9 or "Border Guard Group 9"). The GSG 9 is one of the world's most elite counter-terrorist faction. In the words of a former member of the German infantry: "GSG-9 got created and founded for one specific reason: counter-terrorism.

2. NSG commandos are divided into two groups - the Special Action Group (SAG) and the Special Rangers Group (SRG).

3. The NSG comprises of a total personnel strength of 14,500. 

4. The NSG personnel are often referred to in the media as Black Cats because of the black dress and black cat insignia worn on their uniform.

5. The rudimentary training period at the organization's training center lasts for 90 days. Only those who successfully complete the entire course are inducted into the NSG and undergo nine months of advanced training. 

6. Once that is done, the next stepping stone is the probationary period, where about 50-70% of the recruits drop out, owing to tough competition.

7. The NSG Commandos are trained to only take head shots.... and two at one go. The double-tap system ensures proper neutralisation of the target.

8. They are also put through a battle inoculation program where they do something that's a little difficult to fathom. They have to stand right next to the target while one of their partners shoots at it.

9. That's not it, they don't even wear the kavach, or the bullet-proof vest, during this drill. They are forced to be that precise when it comes to shooting the target.

10. In order for a person to remain in the force, the target striking rate has to be not less than 85%.

11. Some of the ones from this elite faction also head to Israel for further training.

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The Union Budget of India is considered as the annual budget of the Republic India. According to Article 112 of the Constitution of India, it is referred as the Annual Financial Statement. The Budget is presented by the Finance Minister every year and the bill has to be passed by both the Houses of the Parliament before it comes into effect. Interim Budget is known as a short budget which usually presented prior to general elections by the ruling government.

1. R.K Shanmukham Chetty presented the First Union Budget of Independent India on November 26th, 1947.

2. Generally, the Union Budget of India is presented on the last working day of February.

3. Moraji Desai is the only Finance Minister to present the Union Budget on his Birthday.Desai did it in two different years (1964 & 1968). Interestingly, his birthday was on 29th February.

Moraji Desai presented the Union Budget 10 times, most by any Finance Minister of India.

4. The printing of the Union Budget of India starts with Halwa Ceremony.

5. Jawaharlal Nehru was the first Prime Minister to present the budget in the Parliament.

6. Indira Gandhi is still the only lady to hold the post of the Finance Minister.

7. Indira Gandhi is also the only woman and second Prime Minister to present the Union Budget for 1969-70.

8. Rajiv Gandhi became the third Prime Minister to present the Union Budget after Nehru (his grandfather) and Indira Gandhi (his mother).

9. Pranab Mukherjee was the first Rajya Sabha member to present the Union Budget.

10. Until 1999, Union Budget was announced at 5 pm in the evening. However, in 2001 Yashwanth Sinha then Finance Minister of NDA govt. led by Shri Atal Bihari Vajpayee changed it to 11 am.

 

 

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